Mar 232017

ADM

Flowing LED on RaspberryPi using Golang

  • 23 March 2017
  • ADM

 

Flowing LED on RaspberryPi using Golang - images/logos/raspberrypigolang.jpg

 

In this article will make a flowing LED strip flowing in both directions using Golang. If you need more info on LEDs and how can be connected please follow Blinking LED on Raspberry Pi using Golang tutorial. Also if you want to see the same flowing LED circuit in other programming languages, please check the references section.

Components

  • 1 * Raspberry Pi (I am using Raspberry Pi 3 Model B)
  • 5 * 220Ω Resistor
  • 5 * LED
  • 1 * Breadboard
  • 6 * Jumper wires
  • software: go-rpio

Note: you can easily find all components on Amazon or Ebay (in my case, I bought a "Raspberry Pi starter kit" containing a lot of components).

Schematics

To do the schematics I used Fritzing software. For this tutorial, I will connect the cathode to the Raspberry Pi GPIO, also it is possible to connect the anode to the Raspberry Pi GPIO, check Blinking LED on Raspberry Pi using Golang tutorial for details.

Here is the schematic connecting all 5 LEDs using the cathode of the LED connected to the Raspberry Pi GPIO. Using the Pinout website for reference, we can check the numbering, starting from physical pin 11(BCM pin 17, Wiring Pi pin 0).

Flowing LED on RaspberryPi using Golang - /images/FlowingLED01.png

And the physical visualization of the circuit.

Flowing LED on RaspberryPi using Golang - /images/FlowingLED02.png

Hardware

Now it's time to connect everything according to the diagram presented in the section above.

Flowing LED on RaspberryPi using Golang - /images/FlowingLED03.jpg

Software

Note: all the code will be written directly on Raspberry PI console using vim editor. I've chosen this method because the example is simple and doesn't require a long time to edit. A better approach is to edit the source code locally, on your PC, using your preferable editor and then upload the code to Raspberry PI.

Login to Raspberry PI using ssh command from Linux and MacOS or using putty from windows, then open the vim editor using the following command:

$ sudo vim flowingLed.go

Copy/paste the following code.

package main

import (
	"fmt"
	"github.com/stianeikeland/go-rpio"
	"os"
	"time"
)

var pinsIndex = []int{17, 18, 27, 22, 23}
var pins [5]rpio.Pin

func main() {
	/** Open and map memory to access gpio, check for errors */
	if err := rpio.Open(); err != nil {
		fmt.Println(err)
		os.Exit(1)
	}

	/** Unmap gpio memory when done */
	defer rpio.Close()

	for i := 0; i < 5; i++ {
		pins[i] = rpio.Pin(pinsIndex[i])
		pins[i].Output()
	}

	/** Toggle - infinite loop */
	for {

		/** flowing LED light in on direction */
		for i := 0; i < 5; i++ {
			pins[i].Low()
			time.Sleep(time.Second)
			pins[i].High()
		}

		/** flowing LED light in reverse */
		for i := 4; i >= 0; i-- {
			pins[i].Low()
			time.Sleep(time.Second)
			pins[i].High()
		}
	}
}

Save and close vim.

Note: The numbering from go-rpio library is using BCM numbering, physical pin 11 is BCM 17.

Test

First, you need to copy locally the dependency:

$ sudo go get github.com/stianeikeland/go-rpio

To compile the code run the following command:

$ sudo go build flowingLed.go

To run the application execute the following command:

$ sudo ./flowingLed

You should see the LEDs light flowing from one side to the other and back.

Flowing LED on RaspberryPi using Golang - /images/FlowingLED04.jpg

Flowing LED on RaspberryPi using Golang - /images/FlowingLED05.jpg

 

References